Solution of water pollution


Sometimes water is contaminated with chemicals such as oil, harmful bacteria and other microorganisms. When water is contaminated, the water quality deteriorates and usually becomes toxic, negatively affecting animals, plants and the environment.

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What is water pollution?

Water pollution is the contamination of any water system or body of water, from lakes and oceans to groundwater. Thanks to media coverage, we are very aware of the problem of water pollution, especially when we are still producing harmful chemicals and entering our waters thus causing a reduction or loss of water use.

When water is polluted, acids, bases, oxidizers, and compounds such as copper, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, and organic toxins such as benzene, dichloroethane, and ethylene glycol in the sewage can poison aquatic life and affect drinking water sources and scenic landscapes. The organic matter in the sewage is decomposed by microorganisms when consuming oxygen in the water, affecting the life of aquatic organisms. After the dissolved oxygen in the water is depleted, the organic matter undergoes anaerobic decomposition, producing unpleasant gases such as hydrogen sulfide and mercaptan, which further deteriorate the water quality. It can adversely affect plants and animals (which depend on unpolluted water) as well as the sensitive water environment.

Global warming is increasing and it is a problem we cannot afford to turn a blind eye to. With climate change and global warming, our precious planet is beginning to move toward a water crisis. Our global population is increasing, putting demands on water supplies, and as a result, we are seeing an increase in waterborne diseases due to the pollution of our waters. What is solution of water pollution?

 

What causes water pollution?

To find a solution to the problem of water pollution, we must first understand what causes it. The causes of water pollution can range from overdevelopment to improper sewage treatment.

Once the cause of water pollution is determined, solutions can be developed to address the problem.

Water pollution can come from any of the following.

  • Urban development
  • Sewage and wastewater
  • Mining
  • Agricultural fertilizers and pesticides
  • Oil spills
  • Burning of fossil fuels
  • Ocean dumping
  • Sewer leaks
  • Global warming
  • Acid Rain
  • Animal manure
  • Eutrophication
  • Radioactive waste
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